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3 Major Types of Infusion Pumps

May. 09, 2022

An infusion pump is a device used to deliver fluids to a patient. The use of infusion pumps has been around since the late 1960s. These devices deliver medication and nutrition in controlled amounts. These tools can be used in all medical facilities for therapeutic purposes and are operated by specialized physicians who know how to program the duration and rate of fluid delivery.

Infusion pumps are superior to manual infusion pumps because they can deliver fluids at precise frequencies, volumes and intervals. You can use these pumps to deliver medications such as painkillers, chemotherapy drugs, antibiotics and insulin. This article introduces you to the main categories of infusion pumps and their distinguishing features.


Common types of infusion pumps

There are several categories of infusion pumps. You can classify infusion pumps into different groups based on different factors. However, there are three main categories of infusion pumps that stand out. These infusion pump types include.

● Infusion pumps organized by function

● Infusion pumps organized by infusion volume

● Infusion pumps categorized by mobility

3 Major Types of Infusion Pumps

Infusion Pump i7


1. Different types of IV pumps based on mobility

● Fluid infusion pumps

Ambulatory infusion pumps are light infusion pumps that are often used to treat people with debilitating diseases. Sometimes frail patients need to move around with medical infusions because they need to take medications throughout the day. Mobile and light infusion pumps can help such patients to be transported while receiving medication. This lightweight infusion pump solves the challenge of delivering medical infusions on the go.


● Stationary infusion pumps

Unlike portable, lightweight infusion pumps, stationary infusion pumps do not need to be compact and lightweight, as they do not need to be mobile. Chronically ill patients who are bedridden often require medication or diet infusions. Stationary pumps provide bedside IV infusions for patients who require frequent bedside nutrition or medications. Unlike light infusion pumps, stationary pumps do not have to be very light.


2. Infusion pump classification based on infusion volume

There are two types of infusion pump categories, defined by the volume of infusion they deliver.


● Syringe pumps or small volume infusion pumps

These are infusion pumps that deliver low doses of medication for the small amount needed. Many times, these are used for infants and young children. These infusion pumps are ideal for delivering small amounts of medication (such as hormones) and you can deliver hormones through a controlled motor mechanism that uses a pumping system that works like a plunger.


● Large volume pumps (LVP)

LVPs are infusion pumps that can deliver large volumes of nutrients or medications, and often use electronic peristaltic pumps. Pumps are controlled manually or by a computer-controlled drum.


3 Major Types of Infusion Pumps

Flexible and easy to use

3. Infusion pumps are classified by function

There are two types of infusion pumps when considering their use. These include specialty pumps and conventional pumps.


● Specialty pumps

Specialty infusion pumps are designed to meet the needs of special medical cases. They are often used in home care services or to treat specific conditions such as diabetes. The specialty infusion pump category features three main classes of pumps, including implantable, enteral and insulin infusion pumps.


● Conventional infusion pumps

You can use traditional infusion pumps in medical settings such as mobile, home and long-term care settings. These pumps can be used in both stationary and mobile settings to administer pain medications, antibiotics, chemotherapy drugs and rehydration fluids. Traditional infusion pumps are further subdivided into three categories, including

● Syringe infusion pumps

● Disposable pumps

● High volume pumps

● Flexible pumps


Do you or anyone close to you need an infusion system for medical purposes? Take a moment to determine their medical needs and the ideal infusion pump to meet their medical needs. A perfect choice will ensure proper delivery of medication or dietary needs and a quick recovery for the patient.


3 Major Types of Infusion Pumps